Biomechatronics is an interdisciplinary science that integrates computer controlled mechanical elements into the human body for therapy and augmentation. Most biomechatronic devices resemble conventional orthotics or prosthetics, but biomechatronic devices have the ability to accurately emulate human movement by interfacing directly with a wearer's muscle and nervous systems to assist or restore motor control.
Any biomechatronic system has four components that make it function: Biosensors, Mechanical Sensors, Controller, and Actuator. Biosensors detect the wearer's intentions by intercepting signals from the nervous or muscle system and relay them to other parts of the device, such as the controller. The controller acts as a translator between biological and electronic systems, and also monitors the movements of the biomechatronic device. Mechanical sensors measure information about the biomechatronic device and relay to the biosensor or controller. The actuator is an artificial muscle that produces force or movement to aid or replace native human body function.
Current biomechatronic research focuses on three areas: analyzing human motions, interfacing electronics with humans, and advanced prosthetics. In order to create effective biomechatronic devices, it's crucial to understand how humans move, our electronic devices must be able to interface with biological processes, and advanced prosthetics must be made to push the development of more complex and effective machines.