Interdisciplinary Distinguished Lecturer: Anna Yershova

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Automated High-Resolution Protein Structure Determination Using Residual Dipolar Couplings

Anna Yershova, Postdoctoral Associate at Duke University
Duke University

Anna Yershova spoke on Friday, February 5th, 2010 at 1:00PM in Engineering Building II, Room 1230

Three-dimensional protein structure determination is crucial in such fields as structure-based drug design and structural proteomics. An established technique for high-resolution molecular structure determination is nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). However, full automation of the current NMR structure determination methods are limited by the (1) large number of experiments and long spectrometer time, (2) challenges in assignment of chemical shifts and nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) peaks, (3) poor performance of current computational methods in sparse data settings. Our lab has proposed novel methods to address the key computational bottlenecks in NMR structure determination. The developed methods minimize the number of required NMR experiments and the amount of human intervention to interpret the data by using global orientation constraints obtained from RDCs to first calculate accurate backbones and then resolve assignments of distance constraints from NOEs and side-chain placements to obtain high-resolution protein structures. These methods were successfully used on experimental NMR data with our collaborators. My current project extends this method by incorporating slightly larger amount of RDC data while reducing the amount of needed NOEs, and extending the provable guarantees on the accuracy of the resulting backbone structures. In this talk I will first overview the general methodology and results obtained in our lab, and then present the project I have been working on under this scope.